Genomics

Dataset Information

17

Comparative DNA methylation profiling of human monocyte-derived macrophages and dendritic cells


ABSTRACT: In mammals, the dynamics of DNA methylation, in particular the regulated, active removal of cytosine methylation has remained a mystery, partly due to the lack of appropriate model systems to study DNA demethylation. Previous work largely focused on proliferating cell types that had been mitotically arrested using pharmacological inhibitors to distinguish between active and passive mechanisms of DNA demethylation. Here, we characterised this epigenetic phenomenon in a natural setting of post-mitotic cells: the differentiation of human peripheral blood monocytes into macrophages or dendritic cells which proceeds without cell division. We identified many novel examples of active DNA demethylation using a global, comparative CpG methylation profiling approach and characterised accompanying transcriptional and epigenetic events at these sites during monocytic differentiation. Keywords: MCIp-on-Chip; comparative genomic hybridization Overall design: DNA from monocytes and dendritic cells was separated into methylated and unmethylated pools. Corresponding pools of each cell type were co-hybridized on custom promoter arrays. Methylated and unmethylated pools serve as diametrically oposed technical replicates (mirror image approach). Two biological replicates .

INSTRUMENT(S): University Hospital Regensburg Human promoter 243K array

SUBMITTER: Michael Rehli   

PROVIDER: GSE19395 | GEO | 2010-06-07

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA121757

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications

Active DNA demethylation in human postmitotic cells correlates with activating histone modifications, but not transcription levels.

Klug Maja M   Heinz Sven S   Gebhard Claudia C   Schwarzfischer Lucia L   Krause Stefan W SW   Andreesen Reinhard R   Rehli Michael M  

Genome biology 20100618 6


BACKGROUND: In mammals, the dynamics of DNA methylation, in particular the regulated, active removal of cytosine methylation, has remained a mystery, partly due to the lack of appropriate model systems to study DNA demethylation. Previous work has largely focused on proliferating cell types that are mitotically arrested using pharmacological inhibitors to distinguish between active and passive mechanisms of DNA demethylation. RESULTS: We explored this epigenetic phenomenon in a natural setting o  ...[more]

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