Dataset Information


Estrogen regulated genes in rat testes and their relationship to recovery of spermatogenesis after irradiation

ABSTRACT: Despite numerous observations of effects of estrogens on spermatogenesis, identification of estrogen-regulated genes in the testis is limited. We previously showed in rats, in which irradiation had completely blocked spermatogonial differentiation, that testosterone (T) suppression with GnRH-antagonist and antiandrogen stimulated spermatogenic recovery and addition of estradiol (E2) to this regimen accelerated this recovery. We report here the global changes in testicular cell gene expression induced by the E2 treatment. By minimizing the changes in other hormones and also having concurrent data on the regulation of the genes by those hormones, we were able to dissect the effects of estrogen on gene expression, independent of gonadotropin or T changes. Expression of 20 genes, largely in somatic cells, was up- or down-regulated between 2- and 5-fold by E2. There were also early germ cell genes whose expression increased but this was a result of a small increase in spermatogonial numbers. The striking enrichment of transcripts not corresponding to known genes among the E2-downregulated probes led to the identification of one as micro-RNA miR-34a. We propose that genes whose expression levels are altered in one direction by irradiation and in the opposite direction by both T suppression and E2 treatment are candidates for controlling the block in differentiation. Several genes, including insulin-like 3 (Insl3), satisfied those criteria. If they are indeed involved in the inhibition of spermatogonial differentiation, they may be candidate targets for clinical treatments to enhance recovery of spermatogenesis following gonadotoxic exposures, such as those resulting from cancer therapy. Overall design: 6 sample replicates of hormonal ablation plus estradiol treatment, compared to previous 14 Sample replicates of sham treatment and 11 Sample replicates of hormonal ablation treatment groups in GSE15243

INSTRUMENT(S): [Rat230_2] Affymetrix Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array

ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  


PROVIDER: GSE24672 | GEO | 2011-11-22



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