Genomics

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Structural insights into histone exchange by human SRCAP complex


ABSTRACT: Histone variant H2A.Z is found at promoters and regulates transcription. The ATP-dependent chromatin remodeler SRCAP complex (SRCAP-C) promotes the replacement of canonical histone H2A-H2B dimer with H2A.Z-H2B dimer. Here, we determined structures of human SRCAP-C bound to H2A-containing nucleosome at near-atomic resolution. The SRCAP subunit integrates a 6-subunit actin-related protein (ARP) module and an ATPase-containing motor module. The ATPase-associated ARP module encircles half of the nucleosome along the DNA and may restrain net DNA translocation, a unique feature of SRCAP-C. The motor module adopts distinct nucleosome-binding modes in the apo (nucleotide-free), ADP-bound, and ADP-BeFx-bound states, suggesting that ATPase-driven movement destabilizes H2A-H2B by unwrapping the entry DNA and pulls H2A-H2B out of nucleosome through the ZNHIT1 subunit. Structure-guided chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) sequencing analysis confirmed the requirement of H2A-contacting ZNHIT1 in maintaining H2A.Z occupancy on the genome. Our study provides structural insights into the mechanism of H2A-H2A.Z exchange mediated by SRCAP-C.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens

PROVIDER: GSE249825 | GEO | 2024/02/10

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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