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Direct Signaling Between Platelets and Cancer Cells Induces an Epithelial-Mesenchymal-Like Transition and Promotes Metastasis

ABSTRACT: Interactions of cancer cells with the primary tumor microenvironment are important determinants of cancer progression towards metastasis but it is unknown whether additional prometastatic signals are provided during the intravascular transit to the site of metastasis. Here, we show that transient platelet-tumor cell interactions are sufficient to prime tumor cells for subsequent metastasis. Platelet-derived TGF-beta and direct platelet-tumor cell contacts synergistically activate the TGF-beta/Smad and NF-kappaB pathways in cancer cells, resulting in their transition to an invasive mesenchymal-like phenotype and enhanced metastasis in vivo. Inhibition of NF-kappaB signaling in cancer cells or ablation of TGF-beta1 expression solely in platelets protects against lung metastasis in vivo. Thus, cancer cells rely on platelet-derived signals outside of the primary tumor for efficient metastasis. Overall design: MoEx-1_0-st: Five replicates of Ep5 tumor cells cultured alone, five replicates of tumor cells cultured in combination with platelets, and three replicates of tumor cells combined with platelets just prior to RNA isolation to control for the presence of platelet RNAs. MoGene-1_0-st: Three replicates of tumor cells cultured alone, three replicates of tumor cells cultured in combination with platelets, three replicates of tumor cells cultured with centrifuged platelets and three replicates of tumor cells cultured with supernate (releasate) from centrifuged platelets.

INSTRUMENT(S): [MoEx-1_0-st] Affymetrix Mouse Exon 1.0 ST Array [transcript (gene) version]

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Charles Arthur Whittaker  




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