Identification of hypoxia regulated HIF-1A and HIF-2A specific target genes in Glioblastoma
ABSTRACT: HIF-1A and HIF-2A regulate both overlapping and unique target genes in response to hypoxia. In this dataset, we identify specific HIF-1A and HIF-2A target genes in glioblastoma cells. Overall design: 12 samples were analysed comprising 4 experimental conditions (normoxia scr, hypoxia scr, hypoxia siHIF1, hypoxia siHIF2) in triplicate. We made pairwise comparisons between the averages of each triplicate set to normoxia scr using the Partek suite.
INSTRUMENT(S): [HuEx-1_0-st] Affymetrix Human Exon 1.0 ST Array [transcript (gene) version]
Project description:HIF-1A and HIF-2A regulate both overlapping and unique target genes in response to hypoxia. In this dataset, we identify specific HIF-1A and HIF-2A target genes in glioblastoma cells. 12 samples were analysed comprising 4 experimental conditions (normoxia scr, hypoxia scr, hypoxia siHIF1, hypoxia siHIF2) in triplicate. We made pairwise comparisons between the averages of each triplicate set to normoxia scr using the Partek suite.
Project description:HIF-1a and HIF-2a are expressed at high levels in mesenchymal progenitors compared to more committed mesenchymal cells and hematopoietic cells. HIF-factors could therefore have a role in the regulation the biology of mesenchymal progenitors and their functions, like the non cell-autonomous maintenance of hematopoietic progenitors. We used microarrays to detail the global program of gene expression regulated by HIF-1a or HIF-2a in mesenchymal progenitors Mesenchymal progenitors were FACS-sorted and cultured in low oxygen concentration for few days. Once cells started to form CFU-F colonies, we transduced them with shRNAs targeting specifically HIF-1a or HIF-2a. Four days after transduction, cells were collected and RNA extracted for microarray analysis.
Project description:Based on the results of numerous clinical and preclinical analyses, the transcription factor HIF-1a has been identified as an important tumor-promoting factor and is considered to be an attractive target for cancer therapy. To further deconstruct the molecular nature of HIF-1a’s role in tumorigenesis, we have applied lentiviral shRNA transduction to establish HIF-1a-deficient gastric cancer cells. Interestingly, functional analyses failed to show a significant growth defect of HIF-1a-deficient gastric cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. These observations led us to propose that stable inactivation of HIF-1a resulted in efficient compensation enabling cell growth and, ultimately, tumor progression in a HIF-1a-independent manner. To better understand the mechanisms that control this compensation, we performed transcriptomics of control (“scrambled” (SCR)) and HIF-1a-deficient (HIF) gastric cancer cells. Analysis of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1a)-deficient gastric cancer cells under normoxia. The transcription factor HIF-1a is a key regulator of oxygen homeostasis and has been identified as an important tumor-promoting factor. Results provide insight into the role of HIF-1a in gastric carcinogenesis. Overall design: Gastric cancer AGS cells were lentiviral and stably transduced with a small hairpin RNA targeting human HIF-1a or a control shRNA. RNA was extracted from control and HIF-1a-deficient cells. Each cell line was analyzed in triplicate for a total of six samples.
Project description:Mitochondria fulfill vital metabolic functions and act as crucial cellular signaling hubs integrating their metabolic status into the cellular context. Here, we show that defective cardiolipin-remodeling, upon loss of the cardiolipin acyl transferase Tafazzin, mutes HIF-1a signaling in hypoxia. Tafazzin-deficiency does not affect posttranslational HIF-1a regulation but rather HIF-1a gene-expression, a dysfunction recapitulated in iPSCs-derived cardiomyocytes from Barth Syndrome patients with Tafazzin-deficiency. RNAseq analyses confirmed drastically altered signaling in Tafazzin mutant cells. In hypoxia, Tafazzin-deficient cells display reduced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) perturbing NF-kB activation and concomitantly HIF-1a gene-expression. In agreement, Tafazzin-deficient mice hearts display reduced HIF-1a levels and undergo maladaptive hypertrophy with heart failure in response to pressure overload challenge. We conclude that defective mitochondrial cardiolipin-remodeling dampens HIF-1a signaling through inactivation of a non-canonical signaling pathway: Lack of NF-kB activation through reduced mitochondrial ROS production diminishes HIF-1a transcription. Overall design: Cells lacking tafazzin were subjected to hypoxia and compared to the ones at normoxia or isogenic WT cells either at hypoxia or nomoxia
Project description:To investigate the detailed molecular mechanisms for the regulatory role of HIF-1α in colon, microarray gene expression analysis was performed on colon RNA isolated from 6- to 8-week-old Hif-1α+/+, Hif-1αLSL/LSL mice. Background & Aims: The progression and growth of solid tumors leads to a state where tumors outgrow their capacity for efficient oxygenation and nutrient uptake and an increase in tumor hypoxia. Tumor hypoxic response is mediated by hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1a and HIF-2a. These transcription factors regulate a battery of genes that are critical for tumor oxygenation, tumor metabolism, and cell proliferation and survival. Therefore, inhibitors of HIF have been sought for as anti-neoplastic agents in several different kinds of cancers. Interestingly, in ischemic and inflammatory diseases of the intestine, activation of HIF-1a is beneficial, and can reduce intestinal inflammation. The efficacy of pharmacological agents that chronically activate HIF-1a are decreased due to the tumorigenic potential of HIF. However, recent advance in understanding HIF signaling have identified mechanisms, which could allow for isoform specific activators. Activation of HIF-2a increases colon carcinogenesis and progression in mouse models. However, the role of chronic HIF-1a activation is unclear in the progression in colon cancer. The present data demonstrates that activation of HIF-1a in epithelial cells does not increase colon carcinogens or progression in two mouse models of colon cancer, and provides the proof of principle that HIF-1a activation maybe safe as therapies for inflammatory bowel disease. Global gene expression profiling in colon RNAs isolated from 6- to 8-week-old Hif-1α+/+ (n=5, Shah 019) and Hif-1αLSL/LSL (n=5, Shah 020).
Project description:Cells transiently adapt to hypoxia by globally decreasing protein translation. However, specific proteins needed to respond to hypoxia evade this translational repression. The mechanisms of this phenomenon remain unclear. We screened for and identified small molecules that selectively decrease HIF-2a translation in an mTOR independent manner, by enhancing the binding of Iron Regulatory Protein 1 (IRP1) to a recently reported Iron-Responsive Element (IRE) within the 5’-untranslated region (UTR) of the HIF-2a message. Knocking down the expression of IRP1 by shRNA abolished the effect of the compounds. Hypoxia de-represses HIF-2a translation by disrupting the IRP1- HIF-2a IRE interaction. Thus, this chemical genetic analysis describes a molecular mechanism by which translation of the HIF-2a message is maintained during conditions of cellular hypoxia through inhibition of IRP-1 dependent repression. It also provides the chemical tools for studying this phenomenon. Overall design: 3 replicate samples of 786-O human Clear Cell Renal Carcinoma cells untreated, mock treated with DMSO or treated with either of 4 HIF-2a inhibitor compounds identified by chemical genetic screening.
Project description:Cell lines. HEK293 human embryonic kidney cells were obtained from ATCC (American Type Culture Collection, Manassas, VA) and were maintained in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (Heat inactivated, Hyclone, Logan, Utah) and 1X antibiotics/glutamine (100 units/ml penicillin, 100ug/ml streptomycin, 292ug/ml L-Glutamine sulfate, all from Invitrogen Corp, Carlsbad, CA.), under either hypoxic (1% O2) or normoxic (21% O2) conditions at 37C in a tissue culture incubator. Treatment. Cells treated in hypoxia for 16 hours or transfected with HIF-1a (HIF-1amut or HIF2a) plasmid. At the end of treatment, cells were collected and washed. Microarray studies. Total RNA samples were extracted from HEK293T cells grown in 1% or 21% O2 overnight and from transfected cells. Total RNA (20 µg) from each sample was synthesized into double-stranded cDNA with reverse transcriptase (Fairplay labeling kit, Stratagen, La Jolla, CA) using an oligo d(T) primer. The double stranded cDNA from untreated cells was labeled with Cy3 monofunctional reactive dye and that from hypoxia-treated or transfected cells was labeled with Cy5 monofunctinal reactive dye. The probe was hybridized to a long oligo array (Hs-Operon V2-vB1.1px.gal) containing 20K human transcripts (NCI Microarray Facility, Advanced Technology Center, Gaithersburg, MD) overnight at 42C . The slides were washed and spin-dried. Microarray slides were scanned with a GenePix 4000 microarray scanner (Axon Instruments, Union City, CA.). The microarray images were analyzed with GenePix 3.0 software and data analysis was performed with the MicroArray Database (mAdb) system hosted by the Center for Information Technology and Center for Cancer Research at the NCI. Keywords: other
Project description:Recently, hypoxia via the transcription factor HIF-1a has been implicated to play an important role for the fate of the adaptive immune response by regulatory T cells (Treg) and T helper 17 cells (TH17) in the mouse model. However, the reports on the effect of HIF-1a are conflicting and so far no functional data in the human system are available. Therefore, we analyzed the effect of hypoxia and HIF-1a on Treg and TH17 in the human system. FACS, western blot and reporter assays clearly demonstrated that hypoxia does not up-regulate the level of HIF-1a in CD4+ T cells (THC) and microarray analysis revealed no change of the transcriptome comparing normoxia vs. hypoxia. Furthermore, we could show that HIF-1a is almost exclusively regulated via NF-kB and NFAT, whereas hydroxylation and subsequent degradation of HIF-1a had little to no effect. In addition, we showed that HIF-1a is essential for nTreg mediated suppression and for IL-17A secretion of TH17, but not for TH17 lineage commitment measured by RORγt expression. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that THC have a distinct regulation of HIF-1a protein levels, which was absolutely essential for Treg and TH17 function. 3 patients, 2 cell type, 2 treatments = 12 arrays
Project description:Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), which reside in bone marrow niches, are exposed to low levels of oxygen and follow an oxygen gradient throughout their differentiation. Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are the main factors regulating the cell response to oxygen variation. Recent studies using conditional knockout mouse models have unveiled a major role of HIF-1a in the maintenance of murine HSCs, however the role of HIF-2a is still unclear. Here, we show that knockdown of HIF-2a and to a much lower extent, HIF-1a impedes the long-term repopulating ability of human CD34+ umbilical cord blood derived cells. The defects observed in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) function after HIF-2a knockdown was due to an increase in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which increases the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in HSPCs and triggers apoptosis by the activation of the unfolded-protein-response (UPR) pathway. Importantly, HIF-2a deregulation also resulted in a significant decrease of engraftment of human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. Overall, our data demonstrates a key role of HIF-2a in the maintenance of human HSPCs and in the survival of primary AML cells. 2 controls and 2 shHIF2 CD34+ cell samples sorted from mice after 6 weeks of engraftment
Project description:To identify which mRNAs bind to RBM4/HIF-2a Two PAR-CLIPs were performed: One of an RBM4 immunoprecipitation, and the other of a HIF-2a immunoprecipitation and excising the associated RBM4 band.