Genomics

Dataset Information

43

New insight into a host-pathogen interaction unveiled by transcriptomics response of the global insect pest Plutella xylostella to a fungal pathogen


ABSTRACT: A genomic insight into how an insect pest responds to the infection of a fungal insect pathogen, such as Beauveria bassiana, is critical for alternative strategy of insect pest contol based on fungal insecticides but has not been well probed. Here we constructed three pairs of digital expression libraries (transcriptomes) of Plutella xylostella (global lepidopteran pest) larvae 24, 36 and 48 hours post treatment of infection (hptI) and control (hptC) to reveal the host response to B. bassiana infection at genomic level. The paired libraries comprised 2144, 3200 and 2967 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of P. xylostella at 24, 36 and 48 hptI/hptC, respectively. These DEGs were enriched in various immune pathways activated by the fungal infection, such as the pathways of complement and coagulation cascades, protein digestion and absorption, and drug metabolism - cytochrome P450. We found that 24 hptI was critical either for the cuticular penetration of B. bassiana or for the initial activation of the host defense system. The host immune response peaked at 36 hptI so that multiple defense mechanisms were activated against the fungal entry into the host hemocoel. At 48 hptI, many host genes involved in immunity and metabolism were downregulated, suggesting a success of fungal localization in the host hemocoel by overcoming the host defense reaction. Finally, we revealed that several fungal pathways could play important roles in the host-pathogen interaction, such as antioxidant activity, peroxidase activity and proteolysis. Up to 1636 fungal genes were co-expressed at the three time points, and 116 of them encode putative secretion proteins. Our results provide a novel insight into the pathogen-insect interaction and help to probe molecular mechanisms involved in the control of P. xylostella by B. bassiana. Overall design: Here we constructed three pairs of digital expression libraries (transcriptomes) of Plutella xylostella (global lepidopteran pest) larvae 24, 36 and 48 hours post treatment of infection (hptI) and control (hptC) to reveal the host response to B. bassiana infection at genomic level

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2000 (Plutella xylostella)

ORGANISM(S): Plutella xylostella  

SUBMITTER: Chu ZhenJian  

PROVIDER: GSE72383 | GEO |

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA294045

REPOSITORIES: GEO