Genomics

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35

Differential paralog divergence modulates evolutionary outcomes in yeast


ABSTRACT: Evolutionary outcomes depend not only on the selective forces acting upon a species, but also on the genetic background. However, large timescales and uncertain historical selection pressures can make it difficult to discern such important background differences between species. Experimental evolution is one tool to compare evolutionary potential of known genotypes in a controlled environment. Here we utilized a highly reproducible evolutionary adaptation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to investigate whether experimental evolution of other yeast species would select for similar adaptive mutations. We evolved populations of S. cerevisiae, S. paradoxus, S. mikatae, S. uvarum, and interspecific hybrids between S. uvarum and S. cerevisiae for 200-500 generations in sulfate-limited continuous culture. Wild-type S. cerevisiae cultures invariably amplify the high affinity sulfate transporter gene, SUL1. However, while amplification of the SUL1 locus was detected in S. paradoxus and S. mikatae populations, S. uvarum cultures instead selected for amplification of the paralog, SUL2. We measured the relative fitness of strains bearing deletions and amplifications of both SUL genes from different species, confirming that, converse to S. cerevisiae, S. uvarum SUL2 contributes more to fitness in sulfate limitation than S. uvarum SUL1. By measuring the fitness and gene expression of chimeric promoter-ORF constructs, we were able to delineate the cause of this differential fitness effect primarily to the promoter of S. uvarum SUL1. Our data show evidence of differential sub-functionalization among the sulfur transporters across Saccharomyces species through recent changes in noncoding sequence.  Furthermore, these results show a clear example of how such background differences due to paralog divergence can drive changes in genome evolution. Overall design: All arrays are CGH comparing two genomes using two experimental designs. Control experiments compare differentially labeled DNA from two species to test specificity. The remaining experiments compare the genome content of an experimentally evolved strain with a control.

INSTRUMENT(S): Agilent-014810 Yeast Whole Genome ChIP-on-Chip Microarray 4x44K (G4493A)

SUBMITTER: Maitreya J. Dunham  

PROVIDER: GSE87401 | GEO | 2016-09-30

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA344847

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Evolutionary outcomes depend not only on the selective forces acting upon a species, but also on the genetic background. However, large timescales and uncertain historical selection pressures can make it difficult to discern such important background differences between species. Experimental evolution is one tool to compare evolutionary potential of known genotypes in a controlled environment. Here we utilized a highly reproducible evolutionary adaptation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to investiga  ...[more]

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