ABSTRACT: We sequenced non-ribosomal RNA from a upf1 deletion mutant of S. cerevisiae, and from wild type S. mikatae and S. bayanus, and identified a new class of yeast introns. Overall design: Yeast non-ribosomal RNAs were isolated from vegetatively growing cells or cells treated with rapamycin for 60 minutes to mimick starvation, RNA was sequenced, and splice junctions were identified and validated.
Project description:AB SOLID sequencing of ribosome-depleted RNA from S. Cerevisiae, S. Paradoxus, S. Mikatae, and S. Bayanus These four yeast species were grown in complete media and total RNA was sequenced. Cross-Species Gene Expression using RNA-Seq Data was examined. Eight samples examined: two biological replicates of each species
Project description:We profiled the transcriptomes of four Saccharomyces species, as well as pairwise hybrids between three of the species with S. cerevisiae For pairwise comparisons between Saccharomyces cerevisiae and each of S. paradoxus, S. mikatae, and S. bayanus, we performed 3'-end RNA-seq on RNA from each parent species and each interspecific hybrid.
Project description:A fundamental problem in biology is the molecular basis for divergence among related organisms. We have investigated the level of divergence of transcription factor binding sites for two key factors that regulate developmental processes in the budding yeasts. The genomic binding locations for the Ste12 and Tec1 transcription factors in S. cerevisiae, S. mikatae and S. bayanus were mapped by chromatin immunoprecipitation combined with microarrays (chIP chip)1, 2 and compared to one another. While there was a large core network which was conserved in all three species, there were many instances of binding events whose relative levels differ significantly quantitatively in one species relative to another and as well as species-specific binding events. One interesting class of genes were identified that were bound only in S. mikatae and S. bayanus; many of these genes are targets of Ste12 in haploid strains of S. cerevisiae, suggesting that S. cerevisiae has uniquely acquired the ability to differentially regulate these genes in haploid and diploid cells in these species. To extend these studies, the transcriptional network for the Ste12 homologue (Cph1) in Candida albicans was also mapped and compared to the Saccharomyces species. Again, there were several genes bound by Cph1 which are involved in mating in S. cerevisiae, suggesting that the precise delineation between many mating and pseudohyphal targets by Ste12 may be specific to S. cerevisiae. Overall our results demonstrate that transcription binding sites differ faster than gene content indicating that gene regulation at the level of transcription factor binding is likely to be a major mode of evolutionary divergence between related species. We expect that this divergence is essential for the distinct ecological niches inhabited by these organisms. Keywords: chIP-chip ChIP-chip was performed on Ste12 and Tec1 from S. cerevisiae, S. mikatae and S. bayanus in addition to Cph1 from S. cerevisiae. Three biological replicates were performed for each factor in each species with one replicate representing a dye swap.
Project description:Purpose: Saccharomyceatacea yeast are intron-poor species and they contain on average 300 introns in their genomes. We designed RNAseq experiment to investigate if splicing patterns in related yeast species are similar. Methods: Total RNA was extracted from wild type cells and processed by the RiboMinus Transcriptome Isolation Kit for Yeast and Bacteria (Invitrogen) to deplete the rRNA. cDNA libraries were prepared according to manufacturer's protocol and sequenced by SOLiD. Sequence reads were filtered and processed by TopHat. Results: We found 216, 163, 200 and 155 predicted introns with canonical splice signals in S. cerevisiae, S. kudriavzevii, S. bayanus and N. castellii respectively. Three introns in S. cerevisiae, four in S. bayanus and ten in S. castellii are novel compared to Saccharomyces Genome Database (SGD) annotations. The expression of introns and splicing shows very high correlation between species. Conclusion: Transcripts with introns in yeast species tested show similar levels of expression and splicing. We found few novel introns, which are conserved in yeast genomes. Overall design: Total RNA profiles from wild type yeast S. cerevisiae, S. kudriavzevii, S. bayanus and N. castellii generated by RNAseq using SOLiD.
Project description:Total RNA was extracted from Anabaena 7120, hetZ mutant and hetP mutant at 24 h after nitrogen stepdown with two independent biological replicates. To maintain the integrity of coding RNAs, total RNA were sequenced without ribosomal RNA elimination. Strand-specific RNA-Seq libraries were prepared and sequenced using the Illumina HiSeq 2500 sequencing instrument to generate paired-end reads with length of 125 bp.
Project description:We describe the genome-wide nucleosome profiles for S. bayanus under standard conditions Overall design: Nucleosomes from S. bayanus was isolated and sequenced using the Illumina GAII platform.
Project description:Whole genome sequencing, particularly in fungi, has progressed at a tremendous rate. More difficult, however, is experimental testing of the inferences about gene function that can be drawn from comparative sequence analysis alone. We present a genome-wide functional characterization of a sequenced but experimentally understudied budding yeast, Saccharomyces bayanus var uvarum (henceforth referred to as S. bayanus), allowing us to map changes over the 20 million years that separate this organism from S. cerevisiae. We first created a suite of genetic tools to facilitate work in S. bayanus. Next, we measured the gene expression response of S. bayanus to a diverse set of perturbations optimized using a computational approach to cover a diverse array of functionally relevant biological responses. The resulting dataset reveals that gene expression patterns are largely conserved, but significant changes may exist in regulatory networks such as carbohydrate utilization and meiosis. In addition to regulatory changes, our approach identified gene functions that have diverged. The functions of genes in core pathways are highly conserved, but we observed many changes in which genes are involved in osmotic stress, peroxisome biogenesis, and autophagy. A surprising number of genes specific to S. bayanus respond to oxidative stress, suggesting the organism may have evolved under different selection pressures than S. cerevisiae. This work expands the scope of genome-scale evolutionary studies from sequence-based analysis to rapid experimental characterization and could be adopted for functional mapping in any lineage of interest. Furthermore, our detailed characterization of S. bayanus provides a valuable resource for comparative functional genomics studies in yeast. Overall design: Samples GSM1153177-GSM1153193 represent gene expression and transposon mapping arrays. The other arrays from the paper are also available from GEO accession GSE16544. The arrays indicated as "alpha factor" are gene expression arrays. The mutant and wt strains, as indicated, were exposed to alpha factor and sampled for gene expression at the time indicated. Each sample was hybridized versus a common mixed reference, as described in the manuscript. The Tn7 array uses Transposon Specific Extraction to map the location of an insertion element. The extracted sample is hybridized versus genomic DNA.