Genomics

Dataset Information

164

Multi-cellular Transcriptional Profiling Reveals an Epigenetic Barrier to Adult Heart Regeneration [ATAC-Seq]


ABSTRACT: Background - The inability of the adult mammalian heart to regenerate following injury represents a major barrier in cardiovascular medicine. In contrast, the neonatal mammalian heart retains a transient capacity for regeneration, which is lost shortly after birth. Defining the molecular mechanisms that govern regenerative capacity in the neonatal period remains a central goal in cardiac biology. Here, we construct a transcriptional atlas of multiple cardiac cell populations, which enables comparative analyses of the regenerative (neonatal) versus non-regenerative (adult) state for the first time. Methods - Cardiomyocytes, fibroblasts, leukocytes and endothelial cells from infarcted and non-infarcted neonatal (P1) and adult (P56) hearts were isolated by enzymatic dissociation and FACS. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed on these cell populations to generate a transcriptomic atlas of the major cardiac cell populations during cardiac development, repair and regeneration. In addition, we surveyed the epigenetic landscape of cardiomyocytes during post-natal maturation by performing deep sequencing of accessible chromatin regions using the Assay for Transposase-Accessible Chromatin (ATAC-seq) from purified cardiomyocyte nuclei (P1, P14 and P56). Results - Profiling of cardiomyocyte and non-myocyte transcriptional programs uncovered several injury responsive genes across regenerative and non-regenerative time points. However, the majority of transcriptional changes in all cardiac cell types resulted from developmental maturation from neonatal stages to adulthood rather than activation of a distinct regeneration-specific gene program. Furthermore, adult leukocytes and fibroblasts reverted to a neonatal state and re-activated a neonatal proliferative network following infarction. In contrast, cardiomyocytes failed to re-activate the neonatal proliferative network following infarction, which was associated with loss of chromatin accessibility around cell cycle genes during post-natal maturation. Conclusions – This work provides a comprehensive transcriptional resource of multiple cardiac cell populations during cardiac development, repair and regeneration. Our findings define a transcriptional program underpinning the neonatal regenerative state and identifies an epigenetic barrier to re-induction of the regenerative program in adult cardiomyocytes. Overall design: Examination of chromatin accessibility in developing cardiomyocytes isolated at P1 (day 1), P14 (day 14) and P56 (day 56 since birth) in biological triplicate

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Mus musculus)

SUBMITTER: Mark D Ziemann  

PROVIDER: GSE95763 | GEO | 2017-07-24

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA378352

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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BACKGROUND:The inability of the adult mammalian heart to regenerate following injury represents a major barrier in cardiovascular medicine. In contrast, the neonatal mammalian heart retains a transient capacity for regeneration, which is lost shortly after birth. Defining the molecular mechanisms that govern regenerative capacity in the neonatal period remains a central goal in cardiac biology. Here, we assemble a transcriptomic framework of multiple cardiac cell populations during postnatal dev  ...[more]

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