Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

39

Expression data from primary murine pre-osteoblasts from control and Il15ra knockout mice


ABSTRACT: Interleukin-15 receptor alpha (IL15RA) is an important component of interleukin-15 (IL15) pro-inflammatory signaling. In addition, IL15 and IL15RA are present in the circulation and are detected in a variety of tissues where they influence physiological functions such as muscle contractility and overall metabolism. In the skeletal system, IL15RA was previously shown to be important for osteoclastogenesis. Little is known, however, about its role in osteoblast function and bone mineralization. In this study, we evaluated bone structural and mechanical properties of an Il15ra whole-body knockout mouse (Il15raKO) and used in vitro and bioinformatic analyses to understand the role IL15/IL15RA signaling on osteoblast function. We show that lack of IL15RA decreased bone mineralization in vivo and in isolated primary osteogenic cultures, suggesting a cell-autonomous effect. Il15raKO osteogenic cultures also had reduced Rankl/Opg mRNA ratio, indicating defective osteoblast/osteoclast coupling. We analyzed the transcriptome of primary pre-osteoblasts from normal and Il15raKO mice and identified 1150 genes that were differentially expressed at an FDR of 5%. Of these, 844 transcripts were upregulated and 306 were downregulated in Il15raKO cells. The largest functional clusters, highlighted using DAVID analysis, were related to metabolism, immune response, bone mineralization and morphogenesis. The transcriptome analysis was validated by qPCR of some of the most significant hits. Using bioinformatic approaches, we identified candidate genes, including Cd200 and Enpp1, that could contribute to the reduced mineralization. Silencing Il15ra using shRNA in the calvarial osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cell line decreased ENPP1 activity. Taken together, these data support that IL15RA plays a cell-autonomous role in osteoblast function and bone mineralization. Overall design: Primary Bone Marrow Stromal Cells (BMSC) were obtained from tibiae of 10 weeks old control (B6129SF2/J) and Il15raKO (B6;129X1-Il15ratm1Ama/J) mice and differentiated for 5 days by adding 10 mM β-glycerophosphate (Sigma) and 50 µg/ml ascorbic acid to the culture medium, with daily medium changes. Samples were processed and subjected to transcriptome analysis.

INSTRUMENT(S): [MTA-1_0] Affymetrix Mouse Transcriptome Array 1.0

SUBMITTER: Emanuele Loro  

PROVIDER: GSE99414 | GEO | 2017-07-05

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA388414

REPOSITORIES: GEO

altmetric image

Publications

IL15RA is required for osteoblast function and bone mineralization.

Loro Emanuele E   Ramaswamy Girish G   Chandra Abhishek A   Tseng Wei-Ju WJ   Mishra Manoj K MK   Shore Eileen M EM   Khurana Tejvir S TS  

Bone 20170606


Interleukin-15 receptor alpha (IL15RA) is an important component of interleukin-15 (IL15) pro-inflammatory signaling. In addition, IL15 and IL15RA are present in the circulation and are detected in a variety of tissues where they influence physiological functions such as muscle contractility and overall metabolism. In the skeletal system, IL15RA was previously shown to be important for osteoclastogenesis. Little is known, however, about its role in osteoblast function and bone mineralization. In  ...[more]

Similar Datasets

2011-09-20 | GSE28074 | GEO
2011-09-19 | E-GEOD-28074 | ArrayExpress
| GSE34747 | GEO
2014-10-28 | E-GEOD-56172 | ArrayExpress
| GSE26004 | GEO
2013-02-02 | E-GEOD-34747 | ArrayExpress
| GSE12266 | GEO
| GSE12264 | GEO
2011-06-01 | E-GEOD-26004 | ArrayExpress
| GSE47505 | GEO