Metabolomics

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Stirred suspension bioreactors maintain naïve pluripotency of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs)


ABSTRACT: Although cell therapies require large numbers of quality-controlled hPSCs, existing technologies are limited in their ability to efficiently grow and scale stem cells. We report here that cell-state conversion from primed-to-naïve pluripotency enhances the biomanufacturing of hPSCs. Naïve hPSCs exhibit superior growth kinetics and aggregate formation characteristics in stirred suspension bioreactors compared to their primed counterparts. Moreover, we demonstrate the role of the bioreactor mechanical environment in the maintenance of naïve pluripotency, through transcriptomic enrichment of mechano-sensing signaling for cells in the bioreactor along with a decrease in expression of lineage-specific and primed pluripotency hallmarks. Bioreactor-cultured, naïve hPSCs express epigenetic regulatory transcripts associated with naïve pluripotency, and display hallmarks of X-chromosome reactivation. They exhibit robust production of naïve pluripotency metabolites and display reduced expression of primed pluripotency cell surface markers. We also show that these cells retain the ability to undergo targeted differentiation into beating cardiomyocytes, hepatocytes, and neural rosettes. They additionally display faster kinetics of teratoma formation compared to their primed counterparts. Naïve bioreactor hPSCs also retain structurally stable chromosomes. Our research corroborates that converting hPSCs to the naïve state enhances hPSC manufacturing and indicates a potentially important role for the bioreactor’s mechanical environment in maintaining naïve pluripotency.

INSTRUMENT(S): Single quadrupole

TISSUE(S): Stem Cells

SUBMITTER: Leili Rohani  

PROVIDER: ST001377 | MetabolomicsWorkbench | Fri May 08 00:00:00 BST 2020

REPOSITORIES: MetabolomicsWorkbench

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