Project description:Wide inter-individual variation in terms of outcome and toxic side effects of treatment exist among patients with AML receiving chemotherapy with cytarabine (Ara-C) and daunorubicin (Dnr). Drug resistance and relapse are considered major causes of treatment failure. Gene expression profiling was undertaken to address possible mechanisms of Ara-C/Dnr resistance. Based on ex vivo Ara-C cytotoxicity at diagnosis, Ara-C sensitive (IC50 <3uM AraC) and Dnr sensitive samples (IC50 < 0.5 uM) (5 samples each) were included for microarray analysis. These were compared with the samples which were drug resistant ex vivo at diagnosis. Our microarray experiment resulted in indentifying differentially expressed genes under ex vivo Ara-C sensitive as well as Dnr sensitive samples compared to ex vivo Drug resistant samples. One-color experiment,Organism: Homo sapiens, Custom Human Whole Genome 8x60k Array designed by Genotypic Technology Private Limited (AMADID: 27114), Labeling kit: Agilent Quick-Amp labeling Kit (p/n5190-0442)
Project description:Selvarasu2009 - Genome-scale metabolic
network of Mus Musculus (iSS724)
This model is described in the article:
Genome-scale modeling and in
silico analysis of mouse cell metabolic network.
Selvarasu S, Karimi IA, Ghim GH, Lee
Mol Biosyst 2010 Jan; 6(1):
Genome-scale metabolic modeling has been successfully
applied to a multitude of microbial systems, thus improving our
understanding of their cellular metabolisms. Nevertheless, only
a handful of works have been done for describing mammalian
cells, particularly mouse, which is one of the important model
organisms, providing various opportunities for both biomedical
research and biotechnological applications. Presented herein is
a genome-scale mouse metabolic model that was systematically
reconstructed by improving and expanding the previous generic
model based on integrated biochemical and genomic data of Mus
musculus. The key features of the updated model include
additional information on gene-protein-reaction association,
and improved network connectivity through lipid, amino acid,
carbohydrate and nucleotide biosynthetic pathways. After
examining the model predictability both quantitatively and
qualitatively using constraints-based flux analysis, the
structural and functional characteristics of the mouse
metabolism were investigated by evaluating network
statistics/centrality, gene/metabolite essentiality and their
correlation. The results revealed that overall mouse metabolic
network is topologically dominated by highly connected and
bridging metabolites, and functionally by lipid metabolism that
most of essential genes and metabolites are from. The current
in silico mouse model can be exploited for understanding and
characterizing the cellular physiology, identifying potential
cell engineering targets for the enhanced production of
recombinant proteins and developing diseased state models for
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Project description:PURPOSE: To provide a detailed gene expression profile of the normal postnatal mouse cornea. METHODS: Serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) was performed on postnatal day (PN)9 and adult mouse (6 week) total corneas. The expression of selected genes was analyzed by in situ hybridization. RESULTS: A total of 64,272 PN9 and 62,206 adult tags were sequenced. Mouse corneal transcriptomes are composed of at least 19,544 and 18,509 unique mRNAs, respectively. One third of the unique tags were expressed at both stages, whereas a third was identified exclusively in PN9 or adult corneas. Three hundred thirty-four PN9 and 339 adult tags were enriched more than fivefold over other published nonocular libraries. Abundant transcripts were associated with metabolic functions, redox activities, and barrier integrity. Three members of the Ly-6/uPAR family whose functions are unknown in the cornea constitute more than 1% of the total mRNA. Aquaporin 5, epithelial membrane protein and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) omega-1, and GST alpha-4 mRNAs were preferentially expressed in distinct corneal epithelial layers, providing new markers for stratification. More than 200 tags were differentially expressed, of which 25 mediate transcription. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to providing a detailed profile of expressed genes in the PN9 and mature mouse cornea, the present SAGE data demonstrate dynamic changes in gene expression after eye opening and provide new probes for exploring corneal epithelial cell stratification, development, and function and for exploring the intricate relationship between programmed and environmentally induced gene expression in the cornea. Keywords: other
Project description:Using two independently derived murine BXH2 cell lines, Ara-C resistant derivatives were developed by exposure to increasing concentrations of Ara-C. Microarray analysis comparing the Ara-C resistant cells to their Ara-C sensitive parental cell lines identified potential genes involved in Ara-C resistance. Overall design: Two highly Ara-C-resistant cell lines, B117H and B140H, were derived from Ara-C-sensitive parental cell lines, B117P and B140P. Variations in gene expression between these Ara-C-resistant and -sensitive sets were studied. Three replicates per cell line.
Project description:Using two independently derived murine BXH2 cell lines, Ara-C resistant derivatives were developed by exposure to increasing concentrations of Ara-C. Microarray analysis comparing the Ara-C resistant cells to their Ara-C sensitive parental cell lines identified potential genes involved in Ara-C resistance. Two highly Ara-C-resistant cell lines, B117H and B140H, were derived from Ara-C-sensitive parental cell lines, B117P and B140P. Variations in gene expression between these Ara-C-resistant and -sensitive sets were studied. Three replicates per cell line.
Project description:Apoptosis is deregulated in most, if not all, cancers, including hematological malignancies. In this study, we wanted to test whether primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) samples are sensitive for inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) protein antagonist treatment in vitro, and which AML subgroup might profit most from such a novel therapeutic strategy. We treated diagnostic samples of 67 adult AML patients with either cytarabine (ara-C) or IAP antagonist BV6 and correlated sensitivity with clinical, cytogenetic and molecular markers, and expression levels of selected genes involved in apoptosis. Primary AML samples showed differential sensitivity to treatment with either ara-C (40% sensitive, 17% intermediate, 43% resistant) or BV6 (51% sensitive, 21% intermediate, 28% resistant). Notably, 69% of ara-C resistant samples showed a good to fair response to IAP inhibition. Furthermore, combination treatment of ara-C with BV6 showed additive effects in most samples. Differences in sensitivity to IAP antagonist treatment correlated with significantly elevated expression levels of TNF and lower levels of XIAP in BV6 sensitive samples, as well as with NPM1 mutations. Gene expression profiling pointed to apoptosis-related pathways, which were specifically induced by IAP inhibition in sensitive samples. Thus, our results suggest IAP inhibition as a potential novel therapeutic option in AML. Overall design: Gene expression was profiled in 24 AML samples [n=12 untreated, diagnostic samples of BV6 resistant (n=6) and sensitive (n=6) cases; n=6 paired samples (BV6 sensitive n=3 and resistant n=3 cases) treated for 24 hours with either DMSO or BV6].
Project description:MLL-rearranged acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains a fatal disease with a high rate of relapse and therapeutic failure due to chemotherapy resistance. In analysis of our Affymetrix microarray profiling of human AML and normal control samples, we found that ALOX5 is especially down-regulated in MLL-rearranged AML. Our colony forming/replating and bone marrow transplantation (BMT) assays showed that Alox5 exhibited a moderate anti-tumor effect both in vitro and in vivo. Strikingly, leukemic cells with Alox5 overexpression showed a significantly higher sensitivity to the standard chemotherapeutic agents, i.e., doxorubicin (DOX) and cytarabine (Ara-C). The drug-sensitizing role of Alox5 was further confirmed in human and murine MLL-rearranged AML cell models in vitro, as well as in the in vivo MLL-rearranged AML BMT model coupled with treatment of “5+3” (i.e. DOX plus Ara-C) regimen. Our RNA-seq analysis showed that Stat and K-Ras signaling pathways were negatively correlated with Alox5 overexpression in MLL-AF9-leukemic blast cells, implying targeting those pathways likely contributes to Alox5’s functions. Collectively, our work shows that ALOX5 plays a moderate anti-tumor role and functions as a drug sensitizer, with a therapeutic potential, in MLL-rearranged AML. Overall design: To delineate the potential molecular mechanism underlying the anti-tumor and drug-sensitizing effects of Alox5, we performed RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of two pairs (4 samples) of mouse BM leukemic blast cells collected from the MA9_Ctrl and MA9_Alox5 mice in secondary BMT assays.
Project description:We collected whole genome testis expression data from hybrid zone mice. We integrated GWAS mapping of testis expression traits and low testis weight to gain insight into the genetic basis of hybrid male sterility. Gene expression was measured in whole testis from males aged 62-86 days. Samples include 190 first generation lab-bred male offspring of wild-caught mice from the Mus musculus musculus - M. m. domesticus hybrid zone.
Project description:Genome wide DNA methylation profiling of AML patient samples treated with PBS or DAC. The Illumina Infinium 450 Human DNA methylation was used to examine the methylation profile of 8 patient samples and 2 cell lines. Genome wide DNA methylation profiling of AML xenografts treated with either PBS control or with decitacine (DAC) alone, cytarabine (Ara-C) alone, DAC and Ara-C together (D+A), DAC followed by Ara-C (D/A) or with Ara-C followed by DAC (A/D). DNA was extracted from patient bone marrow samples and xenograft bone marrow samples using Qiagen Allprep kit. Bisulphite converted DNA from all samples were hybridised to the Illumina Infinium 450 Human Methylation arrays and for each analysis the drug treated sample was compared to the corresponding PBS control sample.