Project description:CNV plays an important role in the chicken genomic studies,it is imperative need to investigate the extent and pattern of CNVs using array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) in chinese chicken breeds for future studies associating phenotype to genome architecture. we describe systematic and genome-wide analysis of CNVs loci in five Chinese indigenous chicken breeds were evaluated by aCGH. 5 Chinese native chicken were detected using ANKA broiler as reference.
Project description:Copy number variation profiles comparing control female Dehong chiken blood DNA with 11 different chicken breeds(Silkie, Tibetan Chicken, Gallus gallus spadiceus, Bearded Chicken, Jinhu Chicken, Anak Chicken, Beijing Fatty Chicken, Langshan Chicken, Qingyuan partridge Chicken, Shek-Ki Chicken, Wenchang Chicken) blood DNA. Each test breeds had one male and one female sample, totally 22 test DNA samples.Goal is to get the golbal copy number variation profile between chicken breeds. Overall design: Female Dehong chicken DNA as reference DNA vs 22 test chicken DNA samples
Project description:Copy number variation profiles comparing control female Dehong chicken blood DNA with 3 different chicken breeds (white Leghorn, Cobb broiler, and Dou chicken) blood DNA. Each test breed had one male and one female sample, for a total of 6 test DNA samples. The goal is to determine the global copy number variation profiles between chicken breeds. Female Dehong chicken DNA as reference DNA vs. 6 test chicken DNA samples.
Project description:Copy number variation profiles comparing control female Dehong chicken blood DNA with 3 different chicken breeds (white Leghorn, Cobb broiler, and Dou chicken) blood DNA. Each test breed had one male and one female sample, for a total of 6 test DNA samples. The goal is to determine the global copy number variation profiles between chicken breeds. Overall design: Female Dehong chicken DNA as reference DNA vs. 6 test chicken DNA samples.
Project description:Background: Detecting genetic variation is a critical step in elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying phenotypic diversity. Until recently, such detection has mostly focused on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) because of the ease in screening complete genomes. Another type of variant, copy number variation (CNV), is emerging as a significant contributor to phenotypic variation in many species. Here we describe a genome-wide CNV study using array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) in a wide variety of chicken breeds. Results: We identified 3,154 CNVs, grouped into 1,556 CNV regions (CNVRs). Thirty percent of the CNVs were detected in at least 2 individuals. The average size of the CNVs detected was 46.3 kb with the largest CNV, located on GGAZ, being 4.3 Mb. Approximately 75% of the CNVs are copy number losses relatively to the Red Jungle Fowl reference genome. The genome coverage of CNVRs in this study is 60 Mb, which represents almost 5.4% of the chicken genome. In particular large gene families such as the keratin gene family and the MHC show extensive CNV. Conclusions: A relative large group of the CNVs are line-specific, several of which were previously shown to be related to the causative mutation for a number of phenotypic variants. The chance that inter-specific CNVs fall into CNVRs detected in chicken is related to the evolutionary distance between the species. Our results provide a valuable resource for the study of genetic and phenotypic variation in this phenotypically diverse species. In total 62 chicken DNA samples (derived from 15 lines) were analyzed against the chicken reference animal UCD001 (the same induvidual that was used to generate the chicken genome reference sequence (ICGSC, 2004)
Project description:A CNV map in pigs could facilitate the identification of chromosomal regions that segregate for important economic and disease phenotypes. The goal of this study was to identify CNV regions (CNVRs) in pigs based on a custom array comparative genome hybridization (aCGH). We carried out a custom-made array comparative genome hybridization (aCGH) experiment in order to identify copy number variations (CNVs) in the pig genome analysing animals of diverse pig breeds (White Duroc, Yangxin, Erhualian, Tongcheng, Large White, Pietrain, Landrace and Chinese new pig line DIV ) using a tiling oligonucleotide array with ~720,000 probes designed on the pig genome (Sus scrofa genome version 9.0). In this study, a custom-made tiling oligo-nucleotide 720k array was used with a median probe spacing of 2506 bp for screening 12 pigs with a female Duroc as the reference. WD: White Duroc (♀); YX: Yangxin (♂); EH: Erhualian (♀); TC: Tongcheng (♀); LW: Large White (♀); PT: Pietrain (♂); LD1: Landrace × DIV pig 1 (♂); LD2: Landrace × DIV pig 2 (♀); DIV1: Chinese new pig line DIV 1 (♀); DIV2: Chinese new pig line DIV 2 (♀); L1: Landrace 1 (♂); L2: Landrace 2 (♂).
Project description:Here we describe a genome-wide analysis of copy number variations (CNVs) in Chinese domestic cattle by using array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) and quantitative PCR (qPCR). We conducted array CGH analysis on 30 male cattle individuals, animals from consisting of 12 breeds of Bos taurus/Bos indicus, 1 Bos grunniens and and two ones of Bubalus bubalis breeds for with beef, and/or dairy or dual purpose. We identified over 470 candidate CNV regions (CNVRs) in Bos B. taurus/B. indicus; 118 candidate CNV regions (CNVRs) in B. grunniens, 139 CNVRs in B. bubalis. Furthermore, based on the Y haplotypes of B. taurus/ B. indicus, Wwe also identified 69, 337, and 251 candidate CNV regions (CNVRs) in the sub-groups of Y1, Y2 and Y3 haplotypes. Overall design: The custom aCGH chips that interrogated the whole genome CNVs were build for 30 cattles from diverse Chinese cattle breeds with Angus as reference sample.
Project description:The sheep (Ovis aries) plays a major socio-economic role in the world. Copy number variations (CNVs) are increasingly recognized as a key and potent source of genetic variation and phenotypic diversity, but little is known about the extent to which CNVs contribute to genetic variation in Chinese sheep breeds. Analyses of CNVs in the genomes of eight sheep breeds were performed using the sheep SNP50 BeadChip genotyping array. A total of 111 CNV regions (CNVRs) were obtained from 160 Chinese sheep breeds. These CNVRs covered 13.75 Mb of the sheep genome sequence. A total of 22 Go terms and 17 candidate genes were obtained from the functional analysis. Ten CNVRs were selected for validation, of which 7 CNVRs were further experimentally confirmed by quantitative PCR. Four candidate genes were selected to confirm the results of the functional analysis. These results provide a resource for furthering understanding of ruminant biology, and for further improving the genetic quality of sheep breeds. Overall design: China’s northwest provinces, particularly Gansu province, have breeding populations that include Dorper, Poll Dorset, Texel, Suffolk, South African Mutton Merino, Borderdale, Gansu Alpine Merino, and Gansu Morden varieties of sheep. These are widely farmed in the foothills of the Hindu Kush and Himalaya as well as on the Qinghai/Tibetan Plateau, all regions ranging from 1000m to 5500m above sea level. In order to better adapt to these climates and environments, the Gansu Morden sheep breed was hybridized with Dorper, Poll Dorset and Small-Tail Han sheep. The resulting hybrids, which contain 75.0% foreign high-quality sheep genetics, were selected for planned crossbreeding. This new breed and other sheep breeds were selected and used for the present analysis of copy number variations by SNP50 BeadChip array, with the aim of generating a fuller understanding of sheep genetic resources.