The NONO protein has been characterized as an important transcriptional regulator in diverse cellular contexts. Here we show that loss of NONO function is a likely cause of human intellectual disability and that NONO-deficient mice have cognitive and affective deficits. Correspondingly, we find specific defects at inhibitory synapses, where NONO regulates synaptic transcription and gephyrin scaffold structure. Our data identify NONO as a possible neurodevelopmental disease gene and highlight the ...[more]
Project description:Identifying causes of sporadic intellectual disability remains a considerable medical challenge. Here, we demonstrate that null mutations in the NONO gene, a member of the Drosophila Behavior Human Splicing (DBHS) protein family, are a novel cause of X-linked syndromic intellectual disability. Comparing humans to Nono-deficient mice revealed related behavioral and craniofacial anomalies, as well as global transcriptional dysregulation. Nono-deficient mice also showed deregulation of a large number of synaptic transcripts, causing a disorganization of inhibitory synapses, with impaired postsynaptic scaffolding of gephyrin. Alteration of gephyrin clustering could be rescued by over-expression of Gabra2 in NONO-compromised neurons. These findings link NONO to intellectual disability and first highlight the key role of DBHS proteins in functional organization of GABAergic synapses. Overall design: Hippocampal mRNA profiles of adult wild type (WT) and NONO KO mice were generated by deep sequencing, in six replicates using Illumina
Project description:We collected whole genome testis expression data from hybrid zone mice. We integrated GWAS mapping of testis expression traits and low testis weight to gain insight into the genetic basis of hybrid male sterility. Gene expression was measured in whole testis from males aged 62-86 days. Samples include 190 first generation lab-bred male offspring of wild-caught mice from the Mus musculus musculus - M. m. domesticus hybrid zone.