Proteomics

Dataset Information

82

Quantitation of plasma protein concentrations by mass spectrometry without the use of isotopic standards. C4PR_LIV


ABSTRACT: We applied a non targeted mass spectrometric assay (LCMSE), to quantify 55 abundant plasma proteins in specimens from 31 healthy volunteers. Quantitation was done by HI3 peptide measurement using a single internal standard to estimate protein concentrations. Results for 7 apolipoproteins were compared with those obtained using isotope labelled standards, while 12 proteins were compared to routine immunoassays. Blood samples were obtained from 31 healthy volunteers (17 males; 14 females) with a median age of 46 years and a range of 22-67 years. Total plasma protein concentration was assayed with a BCA-assay (20) according to the manufacturer’s protocol (Thermo). Samples were diluted tenfold in 0.1% Rapigest SF (Waters Corporation, Milford, MA), 50 mM ammonium bicarbonate and heated at 95° C for 15 min. Subsequently, plasma samples were reduced with 5 mM dithiothreitol (60° C, 30 min) and alkylated with 15 mM iodoacetamide (ambient temperature, dark, 30 min). Proteolytic digestion was performed with modified trypsin (gold grade, Promega, Madison WI) at 0.3 units/µg protein, (37° C, 20 hours) unless indicated otherwise. Following digestion, Rapigest SF was broken down by adding 1% trifluoroacetic acid (pH<2, 37 °C, 45 min). Peptide solutions were centrifuged (20,000 x g, 10 min) and supernatant was collected. Prior to analyses a MASSPREP protein digestion standard (Waters Corporation, ADH1 or ENO from Saccharomyces cerevisiae) was added for quantitation purposes. LC-MS analyses were performed using ~ 0.21 µg of the final plasma protein digest mixtures (384 times total dilution) unless indicated otherwise. LC separations of tryptic peptides were performed with a NanoAcquity system (Waters Corporation), coupled to a Synapt G2 quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometer (Waters Corporation, Manchester, UK). Accurate mass precursor and fragment ion LC-MS data were collected in data independent LCMSE mode of acquisition. Continuum LC-MS data were processed using ProteinLynx GlobalSERVER version 2.5 (PLGS 2.5, Waters Corporation). Parameter settings: digest reagent trypsin, allow 1 ‘missed cleavage’, search tolerances automatic, typically 5 ppm for precursor and 15 ppm for product ions, fixed modification cysteine carbamidomethylation, and variable modification methionine oxidation. Protein identifications were obtained searching the human SwissProt entries of an UniProt database (release 13.2). This database was modified to include N-terminal processing of proteins using protein maturation device software, with ADH1 and ENO1 of S. cerevisiae appended as internal standard to address technical variation and allow concentration determinations. Estimation of false-positive identification rates was done by searching a randomized version of the abovementioned human protein database generated within PLGS 2.5. Data were exported as csv-files for further, detailed analysis. Stringent criteria were applied for quantitation, protein identifications were only considered significant if reported in 14 or more samples. Protein false positive identification rates were estimated using the criteria mentioned above and no false positives were identified in these searches. DATASET: KC1-31: 31 healthy volunteers QC1-10: 10 times injection of a single sample to ascertain analytical variation over 9 days of measurements. 20120802_QC1-QC6: 6 pooled plasma samples worked up and analysed during a single day of measurements to ascertain Intra-assay variation. 20120427_S2,S4;20120525_S18,S19;20120626_S3,S4;20120802_QC7: 7 pooled plasma samples processed and analysed during 3 months of routine measurements to analyse Inter-assay variation 20130416_s1-s5: pooled plasma samples spiked with a QCONCATAMER for 11 apolipoproteins labelled by heavy Lysine and Arginine (+6.02 AMU) to quantify apolipoproteins by internal isotope labelled standard.

INSTRUMENT(S): Synapt G2 MS

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

TISSUE(S): Tissue Not Applicable To Dataset

DISEASE(S): Not Available

SUBMITTER: Gertjan Kramer  

PROVIDER: PXD000347 | Pride | 2015-10-20

REPOSITORIES: Pride

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Publications

Accuracy and Reproducibility in Quantification of Plasma Protein Concentrations by Mass Spectrometry without the Use of Isotopic Standards.

Kramer Gertjan G   Woolerton Yvonne Y   van Straalen Jan P JP   Vissers Johannes P C JP   Dekker Nick N   Langridge James I JI   Beynon Robert J RJ   Speijer Dave D   Sturk Auguste A   Aerts Johannes M F G JM  

PloS one 20151016 10


Quantitative proteomic analysis with mass spectrometry holds great promise for simultaneously quantifying proteins in various biosamples, such as human plasma. Thus far, studies addressing the reproducible measurement of endogenous protein concentrations in human plasma have focussed on targeted analyses employing isotopically labelled standards. Non-targeted proteomics, on the other hand, has been less employed to this end, even though it has been instrumental in discovery proteomics, generatin  ...[more]

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