Proteomics

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Pathogen and non-pathogen Spotted Fever Group Rickettsia trigger differential proteome signatures in macrophages


ABSTRACT: We have previously reported that Rickettsia conorii and Rickettsia montanensis have distinct intracellular fates within THP-1 macrophages, suggesting that the ability to proliferate within macrophages may be a distinguishable factor between pathogenic and non-pathogenic Spotted fever group (SFG) members. To start unraveling the molecular mechanisms underlying the capacity (or not) of SFG Rickettsia to establish their replicative niche in macrophages, we have herein profiled the host proteomic alterations resulted by the infection of THP-1 macrophages with R. conorii and R. montanensis using a high throughput quantitative proteomics approach (SWATH-MS). Our results revealed that these two members of SFG Rickettsia with distinct pathogenicity attributes for humans, trigger differential proteomic signatures in macrophage-like cells. Although infection by both rickettsial species resulted in a lower abundance of enzymes of glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway, the pathogenic R. conorii specifically induced the accumulation of several enzymes of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, oxidative phosphorylation, fatty acid -oxidation and glutaminolysis, as well as of several inner and outer membrane mitochondrial transporters. These results suggest a profound metabolic rewriting of macrophages by R. conorii towards a metabolic signature of an M2-like (anti-inflammatory) activation program. Moreover, our results revealed that several subunits forming the proteasome and immunoproteasome are found in lower abundance upon infection with both rickettsial species, which may help bacteria to escape immune surveillance. Remarkably, R. conorii-infection specifically induced the accumulation of several host proteins implicated in protein processing and quality control in ER, suggesting that this pathogenic Rickettsia may be able to compensate the accumulation of misfolded proteins by increasing the ER protein folding capacity and subsequently restore host cell homeostasis. This work reveals novel aspects of macrophage-Rickettsia interactions, expanding our knowledge of how pathogenic rickettsiae explore host cells to their advantage.

INSTRUMENT(S): TripleTOF 5600

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

TISSUE(S): Cell Culture

DISEASE(S): Spotted Fever Group

SUBMITTER: Cátia Santa  

LAB HEAD: Bruno Manadas

PROVIDER: PXD010330 | Pride | 2019-02-16

REPOSITORIES: Pride

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