Proteomics

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Insights into transcriptome surveillance and alternative splicing regulation by the EJC-associated splicing factor RNPS1


ABSTRACT: Alternative splicing of pre-mRNAs increases the potential for regulation and complexity of gene expression. The exon junction complex (EJC) and its associated splicing factor RNPS1 were recently shown to suppress mis-splicing resulting from the usage of cryptic and reconstituted 5’ and 3’ splice sites in the vicinity of the EJC. Here, we aimed to further investigate the mechanisms underlying splicing regulation by RNPS1. A transcriptome-wide analysis identified hundreds of splice events affected by the knockdown (KD) of RNPS1 in HeLa cells. These included alternative splice site usage as well as intron retention, exon skipping and inclusion. However, only a fraction of these RNPS1-dependent splice events was fully or partially rescued by the expression of the RNPS1 RRM. These results indicated that another domain of RNPS1 is involved in the regulation of the majority of splicing events. Deletion experiments revealed that the N-terminus and S-domain, and in particular the C-terminus of RNPS1 strongly regulate these events. Several splicing factors, including SR proteins and U1 snRNP components, were strongly reduced in the interactome of RNPS1 lacking the C terminus. We conclude that RNPS1 interacts with many splicing factors to direct the assembly of EJC-dependent and-independent splicing complexes.

INSTRUMENT(S): Q Exactive

ORGANISM(S): Homo Sapiens (human)

TISSUE(S): Cell Culture

SUBMITTER: Prerana Wagle  

LAB HEAD: Niels H. Gehring

PROVIDER: PXD027251 | Pride | 2022-05-31

REPOSITORIES: Pride

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