Transcription profiling by array of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells treated with inflammatory serum
ABSTRACT: Peripheral infusion of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) can profoundly suppress the activation of c-Mos and remarkably improve hepatic histology, suppress the systemic inflammatory reaction, and promote animal survival in a large non-human primate model of acute liver failure (ALF). The mechanism through which hUC-MSCs inhibits c-Mos activation in vivo remains unclear. We hypothesized that hUC-MSCs can adaptively produce certain inhibitory cytokines in response to the pro-inflammatory microenvironment. To confirm this, we stimulated cultured hUC-MSCs with inflammatory monkey serum (serum isolated at day 1 following toxin challenge). After a 30-min stimulation, the cells were collected for microarray gene expression analysis. A whole human genome oligo microarray analysis was performed to reveal the altered gene expression profiles of the hUC-MSCs
Project description:Peripheral infusion of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) can profoundly suppress the activation of c-Mos and remarkably improve hepatic histology, suppress the systemic inflammatory reaction, and promote animal survival in a large non-human primate model of acute liver failure (ALF). The mechanism through which hUC-MSCs inhibits c-Mos activation in vivo remains unclear. We hypothesized that hUC-MSCs can adaptively produce certain inhibitory cytokines in response to the pro-inflammatory microenvironment. To confirm this, we stimulated cultured hUC-MSCs with inflammatory monkey serum (serum isolated at day 1 following toxin challenge). After a 30-min stimulation, the cells were collected for microarray gene expression analysis. A whole human genome oligo microarray analysis was performed to reveal the altered gene expression profiles of the hUC-MSCs
Project description:Porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV) is a member of the genus Cytomegalovirus, subfamily Betaherpesvirinae, and family Herpesvirus. PCMV is a major immunosuppressive virus that mainly suppress the immune function of T lymphocytes and macrophages. PCMV is widely distributed all over the world, but there are not significantly different serotypes found. Moreover, the molecular mechanisms of host anti-PCMV infection and the molecular immunosuppressive mechanisms of PCMV is still not well charaterized. To understand the PCMV potential impact on the function of immune organs, we performed microarray assay to analyze the transcriptome of porcine immune organs after PCMV infection. We identified 5582 differential expression genes by PCMV infection in microarray. There are 2161 upregulated genes and 3421 down-regulated by PCMV infection genes compare to the uninfected control group. We confirmed 13 differentially expressed immune-related genes by quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qPCR). Gene ontology, gene interaction networks and KEGG pathway analysis uncovered the differentially expressed genes interaction regulatory network. These findings indicated that PCMV regulates multiple functional pathways, including immune system process, cellular process, metabolic process, networks of cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, TGF-beta signaling pathway, lymphocytes receptor signaling pathway and TNF signaling pathway. Our study is the first comprehensive attempt to explore the host transcriptional response to PCMV infection in porcine immune systems. It provided new insights into the immunosuppressive molecular mechanisms and pathogenesis of PCMV. This previously unrecognized endogenous antiviral mechanism has implications for development of host-directed strategies to the prevention and treatment of immunosuppressive viral diseases. 2 samples were analysed. PCMV infected porcine immune organs; control porcine organs. piglets were divided into two groups of five pigs each, and maintained under controlled temperature and humidity. Each pig in the first group was inoculated with 5 ml of 109 PFU/ml PCMV SC strain by intramuscular and intranasal injection, and the other five pigs were injected with 5 ml of RPMI-1640 nutrient solution (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham, UK) as the control. The sera, lymph nodes, spleens, and thymuses of the infected and control pigs were collected at 14 dpi
Project description:To investigate the umbilical cord lncRNA profiles in gestational diabetes-induced macrosomia, the umbilical cord vein blood from normal and gestational diabetes-induced macrosomia was hybridized to a microarray containing probes representing 33,000 lncRNA genes. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to validate selected differentially expressed lncRNAs. The gene ontology (GO), pathway and network analysis were performed. The microarray identified 8814 lncRNAs that were expressed in the umbilical cord blood, of which 349 were significantly upregulated and 892 were significantly downregulated (fold-change ≥ 2.0) in GDM group. The highest enriched GOs targeted by downregulated transcripts were biological regulation. Pathway analysis indicated that nine pathways corresponded to downregulated transcripts. Thirty pairs of GDM macrosomia and normal controls were divided into three subgroups randomly, and the umbilical cord vein blood from each subgroup was mixed, and hybridized to a microarray.
Project description:Microarray analysis was used to identify genes that were controlled by AmyR in minimal and on immature pear fruits. Consistent with amylovoran production, an inverse correlation was observed between amyR expression and the expression level of amylovoran biosynthetic genes in liquid media. Interestingly, over-expression of AmyR suppressed the expression of type III secretion system genes including hrpA, hrpN and dspEF after pear fruit infection. Consistent with levan production and swarming motility, levasucrase and flagellar genes were both down-regulated both in the amyR mutant and over-expression strains in liquid media. Together, our results suggest that AmyR plays an important role in regulating bacterial exopolysaccharide production and virulence in E. amylovora. A total of 14 samples were analyzed in two conditions: For the in vitro condition (MBMA medium + 1% sorbitol), Erwinia amylovora wild type strain (2 replicates); E. amylovora amyR mutant strain (3 replicates); E. amylovora amyR over-expression strain (3 replicates); For the in vivo condition (on wounded immature pear fruits), Erwinia amylovora wild type strain (2 replicates); E. amylovora amyR mutant strain (2 replicates); E. amylovora amyR over-expression strain (2 replicates).
Project description:We conducted genome-wide microarray analyses to determine the regulons of RcsB and RcsC in liquid medium and, for the first time, on immature pear fruit. Our array analyses identified a total of 648 genes differentially regulated by the RcsCB in vitro and in vivo. Consistent with our previous findings, RcsB acts as a positive regulator in both conditions, while RcsC positively controls amylovoran biosynthetic gene expression in vivo, but negatively in vitro. Besides amylovoran biosynthesis and regulatory genes, cell wall and cell envelope (membrane) as well as regulatory genes were the major components of the RcsBC regulon, including many novel genes. In addition, we have also demonstrated that transcripts of rcsA, rcsC and rcsD genes, but not rcsB gene, were up-regulated when grown in minimal medium or after infection of pear fruits compared to LB medium. Furthermore, a hidden Markov model (HMM) has predicted 60 genes with candidate RcsB binding site in the intergenic regions of the E. amylovora ATCC 49946 genome and 18 (28) of them were identified in the microarray assay. Based on our findings, a working model has been proposed to illustrate how the Rcs phosphorelay system regulates virulence gene expression in E. amylovora. A total of 12 samples were analyzed in two conditions: For in vitro condition (MBMA medium + 1% sorbitol), Erwinia amylovora wild type strain (2 replicates); E. amylovora rcsB mutant strain (2 replicates); E. amylovora rcsC mutant strain (2 replicates): For in vivo condition (on wounded immature pear fruits), Erwinia amylovora wild type strain (2 replicates); E. amylovora rcsB mutant strain (2 replicates); E. amylovora rcsC mutant strain (2 replicates).
Project description:The samples was divided in to three groups including the T cells extracted from the tumor infiltrating lymphocytes and from the paired peripheral blood bymphocyte of 3 patients sufferring from hepatocellular carcinoma as well as the peripheral blood bymphocyte of three healthy controls. The total RNA was extracted for the detection of human lncRNA expression level.
Project description:Microarray analysis of E. amylovora treated with compounds no. 3 and no. 9 identified a total of 588 significantly differentially expressed genes. Among them, 95 and 78 genes were, respectively, induced and suppressed by both compounds as compared to DMSO control. Majority of T3SS genes in E. amylovora including hrpL and avrRpt2 effector gene were suppressed by both compounds. Compound no. 3 also suppressed the transcription of amylovoran precursor and biosynthesis genes. On the other hand, both compounds significantly induced expression of glycogen biosynthesis genes and siderophore biosynthesis, regulatory and transport genes. Furthermore, many membrane, lipoprotein and exported protein encoding genes were also activated by both compounds. Erwinia amylovora WT strain treated with compound No. 3 and No. 9 and compared to DMSO control. Four biological replicates for each chemical treatment (two samples were combined) were hybridized to three arrays. Four biological replicates (two each combined) for DMSO treatment were hybridized to two arrays.
Project description:Total RNA were extracted from osteoclasts differentiated from RAW264.7 cells at different stages: Monocytes (0h), Pre-osteoclasts (24h), Mature osteoclasts (72h) and activated osteoclasts (96h). LncRNA and mRNA expression profiles were decided by microarray. RAW264.7 cells were cultured with RANKL (100ng/ml) and M-CSF (50ng/ml) for 0h, 24h, 72h and 96h. TRAP stain, FAK stain, pit formation assay, fusion assay and q-PCR were performed to validate the in vitro model.
Project description:We used microarrays to investigate the whole genome gene expression level changes of LncRNAs in human Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and normal brain tissues, and try to find out some LncRNA associated with the tumorigenesis of GBM. The human LncRNA microarray analysis of 9 samples (5 GBM and 4 normal brain tissues) were completed. Total RNA from each sample was quantified and RNA integrity was assessed using standard denaturing agarose gel electrophoresis. Total RNA of each sample was used for labeling and array hybridization. Array scanning using the Agilent Scanner G250C. Scanned images were then imported into NimbleScan software (version 2.5) for expression data analysis. Differentially expressed LncRNAs were filtered out for further study.
Project description:Several studies have suggested that MSCs have pleiotropic immuno-modulatory effects, including inhibition of T cell proliferation, suppression of NK cells proliferation, modulation of cytokine production, and inhibition of dendritic cell (DC) maturation etc. But the exactly mechanism are still largely unclear. We proposed to investigate the mRNA expression profile of psoriatic MSCs. 6 patients and 6 normal control were inrolled in the study, the mRNA expression profile of dermal MSCs were studied using the microarry.