Currently, 14% of the human proteome is made up of proteins whose existence is not confirmed by mass spectrometry. We performed a proteomic profiling of human mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissue or umbilical cord (PRIDE accession number: PXD009893) and identified peptides derived from 13 of such missing proteins. Remarkably, we found compelling evidence of the expression of hyaluronan synthase 1 (NX_Q92839-1) and confirmed its identification by the fragmentation of four heavy-labe ...[more]
Project description:Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), which are multipotent cells to differentiate into several cell types, are expected to be a useful tool for cellular therapy. In some clinical settings, hMSCs have immuno-suppressive effects for GVHD (Graft-versus-host disease) and are expanded in vitro before application. To find biomarkers that indicate the culture stage of hMSCs, we performed microarray analysis for hMSCs derived from bone marrow, using Affymetrix GeneChip Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 (54,613 probe sets). Experiment Overall Design: We profiled the gene expression in 6 different batches of hMSCs. The cells were cultured and subjected to total RNA extraction. We performed microarray analysis using 6 batches provided by 6 different individuals in early stage (passage #4 or 5), middle stage (#7 or 9) or senescing stage (#22, 24, or 28).
Project description:Stem/progenitor cell transplantation is used in experimental treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. The influence of potent neurotrophin BDNF on human stem/progenitor cells was assessed. For this purpose umbilical cord blood-derived lineage-negative cells isolated by magnetic beads were treated or not (control) with BDNF (50 ng/mL) and RNA was isolated for global gene expression pattern analysis after 2 h or 24 h.
Project description:Bone marrow (BM) has been considered so far the reference source for stromal cells (SC) originally called mesenchymal stem cells. Recently human adult adipose tissue (AT) has been reported as a valuable source for the isolation of cells exerting a mesenchymal-like phenotype. Though both BM- and AT- derived stromal cells (BMSC and ATSC) share similar immuno-phenotype and exhibit multi-lineage potential in vitro, a consensual panel of specific markers is still debated and the precise molecular mechanisms governing their differentiated fate are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to compare the genome wide expression profiles of stromal cells isolated from AT and BM and to emphasize the core of MSC stemness properties. Moreover we focused on the molecular characteristics of ATSC, attempting to reveal their specific features.We identified an overlapping dataset of 190 genes commonly regulated by ATSC and BMSC. Among these, we were able to categorize 6 key biological families that could be regarded as a stemness signature that underlie the self-renewal potential and the ability to generate progenitor cells. In particular, a pivotal role of signalling pathways along with the expression of numerous transcription regulators emerged from this study. Genes specifically modulated in ATSC, suggested that these cells posses anti-oxidative and neuroprotective properties. Taken together, these results provide new hints towards the understanding of the molecular basis of MSC maintenance and suggest that ATSC have interesting properties which could be useful for several potential clinical applications. Experiment Overall Design: Bone marrow and adipose tissue samples were respectively obtained from four long-term disease-free Hodgkin lymphoma patients, during follow-up investigation and from four patients subjected to partial abdominoplasty. In addition, we used in this study a cell line (MRC-5 cells) as control to rule out genes involved in homeostasis and emphasize genes specifically expressed in both types of mesenchymal stem cells. To have results statistically significant, we enrolled four patients for each tissue (4 chips/tissue) and we performed a technical replicate (triplicate) for the MRC-5 cells.
Project description:The cellular composition of heterogeneous samples can be predicted from reference gene expression profiles that represent the homogeneous, constituent populations of the heterogeneous samples. However, existing methods fail when the reference profiles are not representative of the constituent populations. We developed PERT, a new probabilistic expression deconvolution method, to address this limitation. PERT was used to deconvolve cellular composition of variably sourced and treated heterogeneous human blood samples. Our results indicate that even after correcting batch effects, cells presenting the same cell surface antigens display different transcriptional programs when they are uncultured versus culture-derived. Given gene expression profiles of culture-derived heterogeneous samples and profiles of uncultured reference populations, PERT was able to accurately recover proportions of pure populations composing the heterogeneous samples. We anticipate that PERT will be widely applicable to expression deconvolution problems using profiles from reference populations that vary from the corresponding constituent populations in cellular state but not cellular identity. Gene expression microarray to examine transcriptome variations between uncultured and culture-deried blood cells of the same phenotype as defined by the on and off expression of antigens. Fresh human umbilical cord blood-derived and serum free culture-derived colony-forming unit-monocytes (CFU-M) and megakaryocytes (MEGA) were compared respectively
Project description:Cell samples of undifferentiated human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (1-3) and cells that have been cultured in smooth muscle differentiation medium for 6 hours (4-6) and 24 hours (7-9) were collected and subjected to miRNA array. Exploration of miRNA involved smooth muscle differentiation mechanism would offer potential therapeutic choices for improving performance of vascular grafts engineered with umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells.
Project description:Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HPCs) can be maintained in vitro, but the vast majority of their progeny loses “stemness” during culture. We have analyzed DNA methylation (DNAm) profiles of freshly isolated CD34+ cells and upon expansion on either tissue culture plastic (TCP) or mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). Cultured HPCs acquired significant DNA-hypermethylation, particularly in up-stream promoter regions and shore-regions of CpG islands (CGIs). To analyze if these DNAm changes are relevant for differential gene expression we analyzed gene expression profiles of additional samples. As expected highly expressed genes (10% with highest signal intensity in gene expression arrays) were hardly methylated at promoter regions, CGIs and shore-regions. 9 samples were hybridized GeneChip Human Gene 1.0 ST Arrays (Affymetrix)
Project description:Analysis of serum starved prelamin A-accumulating hMSCs at gene expression level. The hypothesis tested in the present study was that prelamin A accumulation induces the dysregulation of genes that are essensial for cell survival under a stress condition such as serum starvation. The results provide important information about these genes and the functional categories that are dysregulated due to prelamin A accumulation in serum starved hMSCs. Two samples are analyzed in this microarray experiment: human mesenchymal stem cell cultured under serum starvation conditions (during 24 hours) which accumulate prelamin A (pre-hMSCs) and control mesenchymal stem cells (ctrl-hMSCs). 2 biological replicates (hMSCs derived from 2 different bone marrow donors) and 1 technical replicate are included in this analysis.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE40829: Expression profiles of lineage-depleted (Lin-) cell and mono-nucleated cell (MNC) samples derived from human umbilical cord blood GSE40830: Expression analysis of uncultured and culture-derived colony forming unit-monocytes and megakaryocytes Refer to individual Series