Transcriptomics,Genomics

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Exercise prevents substrate overload of liver mitochondria by modification of the compensatory responses during chronic overnutrition


ABSTRACT: Exercise training is a potent treatment of NAFLD and hepatic insulin resistance. Here we provide molecular information about the hepatic mitochondrial metabolism in mice when chronic overnutrition (high-energy diet (HED) for 6 weeks) is combined with exercise training. Training reduced the hepatic triacylglycerol content, fasting insulin, and reversed glucose intolerance. Training modified the hepatic mitochondrial proteome with a decrease in enzymes related to pyruvate metabolism and entry of acetyl-CoA into the TCA cycle. Transcriptome data revealed down-regulation of glucose oxidation and lipogenesis. The mitochondrial respiratory capacity of trained HED-fed mice is increased despite reduced content of complex I. Training decreased diacylglycerol species and JNK phosphorylation, both of which can induce insulin resistance. Increased mitochondrial mass and oxidative capacity of the trained muscle further unburdens the liver from substrate overload. Together, when high fat and carbohydrate intake in mice is accompanied by exercise, the decline of mitochondrial function and insulin resistance can be prevented by modification of mitochondrial acetyl-CoA metabolism. Overall design: We performed gene expression microarray analysis of liver from mice treated with high-energy diet or control diet combined with exercise training

INSTRUMENT(S): [Clariom_S_Mouse] Affymetrix Mouse Clariom S Array

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Johannes Beckers  

PROVIDER: GSE167046 | GEO | 2021-10-15

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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