Dataset Information


A Comparative Study of Genome Wide Transcriptional Profiles of Primary Hepatocyte in In Vitro Cultures

ABSTRACT: The liver is one of most important organs in our bodies. It performs many essential functions including metabolism, synthesis, secretion, detoxification, and storage. Hepatocytes are the principal cell type in the liver and are involved in multiple liver-specific functions. There have been several efforts to develop in vitro culture systems capable of maintaining hepatocyte-specific phenotype over long time periods. In hepatic tissue engineering, two commonly used culture systems are the collagen sandwich and monolayers of cells.  In this study, genome-wide gene expression profiles of primary hepatocytes were measured over an 8-day period for each cell culture system using Affymetrix GeneChips and analyzed via Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA), which is a powerful method to elicit biologically meaningful information from microarray data at the level of gene sets. Results indicate that the gene expression in hepatocytes in collagen sandwich cultures gradually diverges from that in monolayer cultures. Gene sets up-regulated in collagen sandwich cultures include those associated with liver metabolic and synthetic functions.  These functions are associated with lipid, amino acid, carbohydrate, and alcohol metabolism and bile acid synthesis. Nuclear receptors are up-regulated in collagen sandwiches 24 hours after seeding. Signals transmitted from these receptors may cause the up-regulation of other processes in subsequent days. Cytochrome-P450 monooxygenase expression was initially down-regulated but exhibited up-regulation after 72 hours. Our results provide a baseline for further explorations into the systems biology of engineered liver mimics as well as 2D and 3D co-cultures of primary hepatocytes and non-parenchymal cells. Overall design: To better understand differences in quality of in vitro growth of rat hepatocytes between culture on a monolayer of collagen gel and sandwiched between two layers of gel, we measured gene expression in hepatocytes in these two culture conditions in triplicate for four time points: 1 day, 2 days, 3 days, and 8 days of culturing. Overall, we obtained Affymetrix microarray data for 24 samples, divided to 12 samples from monolayer and double layer cultures each, each of which are divided into four time points with 3 sample replicates.

INSTRUMENT(S): [Rat230_2] Affymetrix Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array

ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

SUBMITTER: Chris Lasher  

PROVIDER: GSE20659 | GEO | 2010-06-01



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