Project description:Tumor growth is associated with a profound alteration of myelopoiesis, leading to recruitment of immunosuppressive cells known as myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). Analyzing the cytokines affecting myelo-monocytic differentiation produced by various experimental tumors, we found that GM-CSF, G-CSF, and IL-6 allowed a rapid generation of MDSCs from precursors present in mouse and human bone marrow (BM). BM-MDSCs induced by GM-CSF+IL-6 possessed the highest tolerogenic activity, as revealed by the ability to impair the priming of IFN- -producing CD8+ T cells upon in vivo adoptive transfer. Moreover, adoptive transfer of syngeneic, GM-CSF+IL-6-conditioned MDSCs to diabetic mice transplanted with allogeneic pancreatic islets resulted in long term acceptance of the allograft and correction of the diabetic status. Cytokines inducing MDSCs acted on a common molecular pathway. Immunoregulatory activity of both tumor-induced and BM-derived MDSCs was entirely dependent on C/EBP transcription factor, a key component of the emergency myelopoiesis triggered by stress and inflammation. Adoptive transfer of tumor antigen-specific CD8+ T lymphocytes resulted in therapy of established tumors only in mice lacking C/EBP in myeloid compartment. These data unveil another link between inflammation and cancer and identify a novel molecular target to control tumor-induced immune suppression. We used gene expression analysis to identify those factors, secreted by tumor-infiltrating MDSC, which could drive emathopoiesis. Moreover we compare gene expression profile of tumor-induced MDSC, obtained from either the spleen and the tumor infiltrate of tumor bearing mice, and in vitro bone marrow-derived MDSC. CD11b+ cells were immunomagnetically enriched from various murine tissue and experimental conditions, and cRNA samples were prepared accordingly to Expression Analysis: Technical Manual. 701021 Rev. 5. Santa Clara, CA, Affymetrix; 2004, and hybridized to the Affymetrix GeneChip MOE430 2.0 array which contains more than 45,000 probe sets, representing more than 34,000 genes. CD11b+ cells obtained from the spleen of healthy BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice were used as reference sample for tumor induced CD11b+ MDSC, enriched from either the spleen and the tumor infiltrate of tumor-bearing mice. Moreover CD11b+ cells enriched from fresh bone marrow were used as reference sample for in vitro bone marrow-differentiated MDSC, obtained with either GM-CSF+IL-6 and GM-CSF+G-CSF 4 days cytokine cocktail treatment.
Project description:SILAC based protein correlation profiling using size exclusion of protein complexes derived from seven Mus musculus tissues (Heart, Brain, Liver, Lung, Kidney, Skeletal Muscle, Thymus)
Project description:The methylation profiles of bisulfite-modified DNA of human CD14+ monocytes were compared with derived immature dendritic cells (GM-CSF/IL-4 ), myeloid-derived suppressor cells (GM-CSF/IL-4/PGE-2), EP2 antagonized myeloid-derived suppressor cells (GM-CSF/IL-4/PGE-2/ PF 04418948 5 µM), EP4 antagonized myeloid-derived suppressor cells (GM-CSF/IL-4/PGE-2/ L-161,982 5 µM) and EP2 + EP4 antagonized myeloid-derived suppressor cells (GM-CSF/IL-4/PGE-2/PF 04418948 5 µM /L-161,982 5 µM) using the Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChips (Illumina, Inc., San Diego, CA,). This platform allows the interrogation of >485,000 methylation sites per sample at single-nucleotide resolution, and comprises an average of 17 CpG sites per gene in the 99% of RefSeq genes. 96% of CpG islands are covered, with additional coverage in CpG island shores and the regions flanking them. The samples were hybridized in the array following the manufacturer’s instructions. Overall design: Total DNA isolated by standard procedures from CD14+ cells (total monocytes, MOs) corresponding to six sets of samples of monocytes (MOs), derived immature DCs, myeloid-derived suppressor cells, EP2 antagonized myeloid-derived suppressor cells, EP4 antagonized myeloid-derived suppressor cells and EP2 + EP4 antagonized myeloid-derived suppressor cells (DCS and MDSCs).